( Condyloma, Papilloma )
HPV virus, is a term consisting of the initials of the words Human Papilloma Virus. The HPV virus causes an infection on our skin, causing warts. They cause white-gray dry blisters on the body or genital area.
The medical terminology of genital warts is condyloma, papilloma and condyloma acuminata. Genital warts are also known as pubic warts.
There are nearly 300 HPV types that have been identified so far. About 40 of these 300 types tend to infect the genital area. Other types that remain show signs of warts on the hands, warts on the feet, and warts on the body.
HPV virus and genital warts infect millions of people every year all over the world and continue to be a serious public health problem.
Fill the Form
Would You Like Us to Call You?
How are genital warts transmitted?
Genital HPV wart is a very common infection around the world, and it is mostly transmitted through sexual contact and rarely otherwise.
In consequence of close contact with a person who carries HPV, the virus enters the body through irritated skin areas in particular. Therefore, the virus tends to be transmitted through areas more exposed to friction during sexual intercourse, and areas with small abrasions. These regions are the tissue between the vaginal opening and anus in women, and the glans of penis, foreskin, and proximal penile shaft in men.
Another issue of great importance is hair removal performed just before a sexual intercourse, with certain methods that involve the use of a razor, wax or depilatory cream. These methods cause skin irritation, creating an environment suitable for the HPV virus to enter the body.
In recent years, it has been determined that it can also be transmitted by non-sexual ways. We know that HPV is transmitted by gynecological examination, transvaginal ultrasonography and common waxes.
Another way of transmission is in the form of transmission from mother to baby, which we call vertical transmission. If HPV is transmitted from mother to baby, the baby will not have any symptoms immediately. Over the years, it may appear as a lesion in the throat in the form of congenital papillomatosis.
About the transmission of genital warts Can You Get HPV From Toilet?, Can HPV be transmitted from a pool or a Turkish bath?, Can HPV be transmitted by oral sex? We recommend that you also read our pages..
What Does a Genital Wart Look Like?
After settling in the skin cells, HPV disrupts the DNA structure there, causing the formation of warts in the shape of raised cauliflower on the skin. Genital warts usually develop 3 to 4 months after the transmission of HPV to the body. The incubation time of HPV ranges from 2 weeks to 2 years.
Genital warts may also appear on mucosal surfaces (such as the vagina and its surrounding tissues, inside the penile urinary tract) as glove-shaped warts in colors similar to the color of the surrounding tissue. In some cases, warts may spread to the surrounding tissue by developing slowly in the form of ulcerative and cauliflower-like lesions.
Genital warts are usually painless but itchy, and they bleed when plucked or cut with a razor blade. They may tend to increase both in number and size but sometimes their sizes don’t change for years. They can be white or red under the influence of color pigments in the area. Such slow-growing lesions are usually dark in color and can sometimes have stalk.
The course of genital warts varies depending on the type of the virus and the patient’s immune response to it. High-risk HPV types can cause genital warts, or HPV infection without warts. In such cases, HPV can stay hidden without showing symptoms by settling in the cervical cells, and can cause cervical cancer over the years.
Genital warts may sometimes be confused with molluscum contagiosum or skin tags. With an HPV DNA test, it is easy to determine whether a lesion is a genital wart.
Signs and Symptoms of Genital Warts
Most HPV infections do not show symptoms. When they show symptoms, the symptom is usually in the form of a wart in the genital area. Most of the infections regress spontaneously over time, while those that cannot be removed from the body may cause precancerous lesions and cancer. Genital warts, also known as genital condyloma, appear on the genital skin and mucous membranes. Warts are mostly appear in areas of irritation in particular, such as the entrance of the vagina, the vulva, anus, vagina, cervix, and the area between the vagina and the anus in women, and the foreskin, proximal penile shaft, and scrotum in men. In these areas, they are observed as flat or raised, stalked or stalkless, cauliflower or skin tags-shaped formations. Warts can also appear on the body skin, mouth, and throat, causing serious health problems.
Diagnostic Methods of Genital Warts
Although it is often easy to diagnose genital warts, it can sometimes be confused with nevus and molluscum contagiosum. To make this distinction, it is necessary to take an HPV test or biopsy.
Although HPV is not directly detected by thesmear test, it can inform us about the presence of HPV with indirect findings.
HPV test It is the most important test to be done to diagnose HPV. HPV DNA is detected by PCR method. In women, a swab and a wart sample taken from the vagina is sent to the laboratory and the result is obtained within 12-13 days. In men, if there are warts, a sample is taken from the wart, otherwise, a sample is taken from the groin area, testicles and penis with the help of a brush and sent to the laboratory and the result is obtained within 12-13 days.
Colposcopy, is a diagnostic method we apply if we detect high-risk HPV. With colposcopy, the cervix is examined with the help of a microscope and if necessary, a biopsy is taken from the cervix.
By examining the sample taken from the suspicious lesion by the pathologist, it can be understood whether the lesion is a wart or not.
Do genital warts cause cancer?
High-risk HPV types can settle in cervical cells and remain for many years without symptoms, and increase the risk of transformation into cancer in these cells. The relationship between cervical cancer and HPV virus is stronger than the relationship between smoking and lung cancer. Some types of HPV virus increase the risk of developing cervical cancer 400 times. HPV virus also increases the risk of penile cancer, mouth and head and neck cancer, anal cancer, and vulvar cancer. It is known that 5% of all cancers caused by viruses or bacteria in the world are caused by the HPV virus.
Treatment of Genital Warts
After the diagnosis of genital warts, it is necessary to start the treatment stage without delay. Many methods are available in the treatment of genital warts. The common feature of these methods is to destroy warts. Destructing the warts as well as the basal membrane adequately should be our first priority. During the destruction, healing should be achieved without leaving scars on the skin, and without causing much pain to the patient. The laser treatment is the option that meets all these conditions. Genital wart treatment with fractional carbon dioxide laser is the most effective treatment option with its proven efficacy and low pain, recurrence, and scarring risks.
Wart Treatment with Laser
Evaporation of HPV and wart tissues with the use of fractional carbon dioxide laser is a highly effective, successful treatment option that provides results with low recurrence rates. The procedure involves using the evaporation effect of laser beams on warts. Local anesthesia may be required before the procedure. If the genital warts are excessively abundant, and if the conditions do not allow for local anesthesia, the procedure can also be performed under general anesthesia. The procedure is hardly likely to cause scarring and skin discoloration. The laser device is not available in all clinics due to its high cost.
In our HPV Treatment Center located in Silivri, we perform HPV treatment and genital wart cauterization procedures with laser.
Warts can be burned using electric current. It is a very common method. There may be severe pain after the procedure. There is a risk of scarring after the procedure.
Using liquid nitrogen, warts are frozen, and warts are destroyed by cold burn method. Often repeated sessions are required. The recurrence rate is higher than other treatments. It cannot be used in areas such as the breech and inside the vagina.
Genital Wart Cream
Genital warts can be treated with some prescription immunomodulatory creams. However, rectal warts, very common and large warts are not treated with creams. There are many over-the-counter creams and herbal remedies available in the market. These products can cause loss of time and progression of the disease.
Very large warts that cannot be treated with other methods can be removed surgically. It may be necessary to suture the skin after removal.
Treatment of HPV/Genital Warts in Men
Wart treatment in men is not different from that in women. Methods such as electrocauterization, cryotherapy, laser, surgical treatment and cream treatment are applied. In our HPV Treatment Center, we treat male patients with warts with laser. HPV vaccine is given in our center and we also tell our male patients about the necessary precautions to remove the HPV infection from the body.
What is HPV Treatment? What is Wart Treatment? What's the difference?
We call the skin infection caused by the HPV virus, the HPV infection. Warts are a symptom of HPV infection. In other words, the symptom of influenza infection is cough, high fever, and the symptom of HPV infection is warts.
As a result
Ways of Protection
The first precaution to be taken to prevent HPV infection is to be vaccinated against HPV. Apart from that, we recommend monogamous and safe sex. It should be kept in mind that HPV infection can be transmitted even if condoms are used. You should know that in an 8-month relationship with a partner who has the HPV virus, the probability of HPV transmission is 80%.
Genital Wart Frequently Asked Questions
How to Eliminate Warts in Genital Area?
We prefer the laser method to remove warts in the genital area. Apart from the laser method, electrocauterization, cryotherapy (freezing), radiofrequency and some immunomodulatory drugs can be used.
What Happens If Genital Warts Are Not Treated?
If genital warts are not treated, they may rarely disappear on their own. In people who use razors and depilatory creams, genital warts may multiply excessively, and you may encounter situations that are very difficult to treat.
Is it possible to have intercourse with genital warts?
It is not right to have intercourse when there is genital warts. The probability of infecting your partner with the virus is much higher than when there are no warts.
Do Genital Warts Occur Inside the Vagina?
Genital warts can be inside the vagina. However, it can be detected by gynecological examination. It is possible to destroy the warts we detect in the vagina with laser.
GThere Is Something Resembling a Nevus in My Genital Area
Genital warts appear as cauliflower-shaped lesions that are raised from the skin, without inflammation. It mostly mixes with moles. Some patients think that genital warts are moles and do not go to treatment for years. Could it be me in the genital area? Yes, it can happen, but that's very rare. If there is a mole-like formation in the genital area, the probability of this lesion being a genital wart is much higher than the probability of being a mole. For this reason, consult a doctor who specializes in HPV for every suspicious lesion.
They Say Not All Warts Are HPV. Do You Think Every Wart Is HPV?
Every wart is HPV, but not every wart-like lesion is HPV. Moles and molluscum contagiosum lesions can be confused with warts. In this case, we can make a differential diagnosis by taking HPV test or biopsy
Do You Have Cauliflower-Shaped Genital Warts?
Genital warts are mostly cauliflower-shaped. But this is not a rule. In some cases they may also resemble moles and a hollow pimple (papule).
Cause of Genital Warts in Men
The cause of genital warts in men is HPV virus infection. Warts are a symptom of HPV infection.
In our HPV Treatment Center in Silivri, both female and male patients are treated with Laser Wart Treatment, Genital Wart Treatment, and removal of HPV infection from the body. We are with you on the way to get rid of HPV.
You can call our call center a +90 212 986 08 22 to get detailed information about genital wart cauterization with laser and to make an appointment.